Creative Industries, a growing sector in Spain
Spain is the fifth European country with the highest production in Creative Industries after Germany, the United Kingdom, France and Italy. The contribution of Creative Industries (ICC) to Spanish production is 5.75 percent, somewhat lower than the European average, which represents 6.64%, according to data from the Ministry of Culture mentioned in Analysis
of the Creative Industry Sector in Spain, carried out for the Erasmus + Creative Entrepreneurs for a Europe In Change project. This European initiative is led by the Agencia para el Empleo de Madrid together with companies such as Materahub from Italy and Amazing Photos and Powernet Consultancy, from Romania.
PDF > madrid.es/creative-industries-spain.pdf
high-income core EU economy; diversified trade portfolio; continental tourism locale; high government spending and debt; prone to political financing corruption; negatively impacted by COVID-19; important port and customs infrastructure; key clothing/footwear supplier
Rapid growth of this dynamic economy following the death of dictator Francisco Franco helped make it a champion of freedom and human rights; more recently, Spain has emerged from a severe recession during 2008-2013, posting three straight years of GDP growth above the EU average.
Economy – overview:
After a prolonged recession that began in 2008 in the wake of the global financial crisis, Spain marked the fourth full year of positive economic growth in 2017, with economic activity surpassing its pre-crisis peak, largely because of increased private consumption. The financial crisis of 2008 broke 16 consecutive years of economic growth for Spain, leading to an economic contraction that lasted until late 2013. In that year, the government successfully shored up its struggling banking sector – heavily exposed to the collapse of Spain’s real estate boom – with the help of an EU-funded restructuring and recapitalization program.
Until 2014, contraction in bank lending, fiscal austerity, and high unemployment constrained domestic consumption and investment. The unemployment rate rose from a low of about 8% in 2007 to more than 26% in 2013, but labor reforms prompted a modest reduction to 16.4% in 2017. High unemployment strained Spain’s public finances, as spending on social benefits increased while tax revenues fell. Spain’s budget deficit peaked at 11.4% of GDP in 2010, but Spain gradually reduced the deficit to about 3.3% of GDP in 2017. Public debt has increased substantially – from 60.1% of GDP in 2010 to nearly 96.7% in 2017.
Strong export growth helped bring Spain’s current account into surplus in 2013 for the first time since 1986 and sustain Spain’s economic growth. Increasing labor productivity and an internal devaluation resulting from moderating labor costs and lower inflation have improved Spain’s export competitiveness and generated foreign investor interest in the economy, restoring FDI flows.
In 2017, the Spanish Government’s minority status constrained its ability to implement controversial labor, pension, health care, tax, and education reforms. The European Commission expects the government to meet its 2017 budget deficit target and anticipates that expected economic growth in 2018 will help the government meet its deficit target. Spain’s borrowing costs are dramatically lower since their peak in mid-2012, and increased economic activity has generated a modest level of inflation, at 2% in 2017.