— United States (@ER_USA) October 9, 2015
2016 Textiles Trade Shows / Fairs, Exhibitions | Textile, Fabrics & Yarns
2016 Textile Trade Shows
2015 Textile Trade Shows
|ITMA 2015||Italy||Nov 12-19|
|Performance Days||Germany||Nov 3-4|
|Première Vision Istanbul||Turkey||Oct 21-23|
|Cashmere World||China||Oct 7-9|
|Techtextil India||India||Sep 24-26|
|Heimtextil Russia||Russia||Sep 23-25|
|Indigo Brussels||Belgium||Sep 8-10|
|SpinExpo Shanghai||China||Sep 1-3|
|All China Leather Exhibition||China||Aug 31-2|
|Intertextile Shanghai Home Textiles||China||Aug 26-28|
|SpinExpo New York||USA||Jul 21-23|
|Texworld USA||USA||Jul 21-23|
|Apparel Sourcing||USA||Jul 21-23|
|GFT 2015||Thailand||Jul 9-12|
|GMS Expo 2015||Thailand||Jul 9-12|
|"MM&T – Materials Manufacturing & Technology"||China||Mar 30-1|
|SpinExpo Shanghai||China||Mar 9-11|
|Textile Forum||UK||Mar 4-5|
|Première Vision Paris||France||Feb 10-12|
|Munich Fabric Start||Germany||Feb 2-4|
|Heimtextil Frankfurt||Germany||Jan 14-17|
|Première Vision New York||USA||Jan 13-14|
The textile industry grew out of the industrial revolution in the 18th Century as mass production of yarn and cloth became a mainstream industry.
The textile industry or apparel industry is primarily concerned with the production of yarn, and cloth and the subsequent design or manufacture of clothing and their distribution. The raw material may be natural, or synthetic using products of the chemical industry.
Major changes came to the textile industry during the 20th century, with continuing technological innovations in machinery, synthetic fibre, logistics, and globalization of the business. The business model that had dominated the industry for centuries was to change radically. Cotton and wool producers were not the only source for fibres, as chemical companies created new synthetic fibres that had superior qualities for many uses, such as rayon, invented in 1910, and DuPont’s nylon, invented in 1935 as in inexpensive silk substitute, and used for products ranging from women’s stockings to tooth brushes and military parachutes.
The variety of synthetic fibres used in manufacturing fibre grew steadily throughout the 20th century. In the 1920s, acetate was invented; in the 1940s, acetate, modacrylic, metal fibres, and saran were developed; acrylic, polyester, and spandex were introduced in the 1950s. Polyester became hugely popular in the apparel market, and by the late 1970s, more polyester was sold in the United States than cotton.
By the early 20th century, the industry in the developed world often involved immigrants in “sweat shops”, which were usually legal but were sometimes illegally operated. They employed people in crowded conditions, working manual sewing machines, and being paid less than a living wage. This trend worsened due to attempts to protect existing industries which were being challenged by developing countries in South East Asia, the Indian subcontinent and Central America. Although globalization saw the manufacturing largely outsourced to overseas labor markets, there has been a trend for the areas historically associated with the trade to shift focus to the more white collar associated industries of fashion design, fashion modeling and retail. Areas historically involved heavily in the “rag trade” include London and Milan in Europe, and the SoHo district in New York City.
By the late 1980s, the apparel segment was no longer the largest market for fibre products, with industrial and home furnishings together representing a larger proportion of the fibre market. Industry integration and global manufacturing led to many small firms closing for good during the 1970s and 1980s in the United States and Europe.
The Multi Fibre Arrangement (MFA) governed the world trade in textiles and garments from 1974 through 2004, imposing quotas on the amount developing countries could export to developed countries. It expired on 1 January 2005.
The MFA was introduced in 1974 as a short-term measure intended to allow developed countries to adjust to imports from the developing world. Developing countries have a natural advantage in textile production because it is labor-intensive and they have low labor costs. According to a World Bank/International Monetary Fund (IMF) study, the system has cost the developing world 27 million jobs and $40 billion a year in lost exports.
However, the Arrangement was not negative for all developing countries. For example the European Union (EU) imposed no restrictions or duties on imports from the very poor countries, such as Bangladesh, leading to a massive expansion of the industry there.
At the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) Uruguay Round, it was decided to bring the textile trade under the jurisdiction of the World Trade Organization (WTO). The WTO Agreement on Textiles and Clothing provided for the gradual dismantling of the quotas that existed under the MFA. This process was completed on 1 January 2005. However, large tariffs remain in place on many textile products.
Bangladesh was expected to suffer the most from the ending of the MFA, as it was expected to face more competition, particularly from China. However, this was not the case. It turns out that even in the face of other economic giants, Bangladesh’s labor is “cheaper than anywhere else in the world.” While some smaller factories were documented making pay cuts and layoffs, most downsizing was essentially speculative – the orders for goods kept coming even after the MFA expired. In fact, Bangladesh’s exports increased in value by about $500 million in 2006.
A textile or cloth is a flexible woven material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres often referred to as thread or yarn. Yarn is produced by spinning raw fibres of wool, flax, cotton, or other material to produce long strands. Textiles are formed by weaving, knitting, crocheting, knotting, or pressing fibres together (felt).
The words fabric and cloth are used in textile assembly trades (such as tailoring and dressmaking) as synonyms for textile. However, there are subtle differences in these terms in specialized usage. Textile refers to any material made of interlacing fibres. Fabric refers to any material made through weaving, knitting, spreading, crocheting, or bonding that may be used in production of further goods (garments, etc.). Cloth may be used synonymously with fabric but often refers to a finished piece of fabric used for a specific purpose (e.g., table cloth).