The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace. The UN was founded in 1945 after World War II to replace the League of Nations, to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue. It contains multiple subsidiary organizations to carry out its missions.
There are 193 member states, including every internationally recognised sovereign state in the world but Vatican City. From its offices around the world, the UN and its specialized agencies decide on substantive and administrative issues in regular meetings held throughout the year.
The UN Turns 70
“As the UN celebrates its 70th anniversary we highlight the iconic moments of our enduring commitment to peace, development and security.”
Video published on Oct 10, 2014.
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The flag of the United Nations was adopted on October 20, 1947, and consists of the official emblem of the UN in white on a blue background.
The emblem’s design is described as:
A map of the world representing an azimuthal equidistant projection centred on the North Pole, inscribed in a wreath consisting of crossed conventionalised branches of the olive tree. The projection of the Map extends 60° South Latitude, and includes four concentric circles. —Official Seal and Emblem of the UN, Report of the Secretary-General, 15 October 1946.
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In the early 1960s, growing concerns about the place of developing countries in International Trade led many of these countries to call for the convening of a full-fledged conference specifically devoted to tackling these problems and identifying appropriate international actions.