Organic cotton is cotton which is produced according to the internationally recognized organic farming standards of the EU regulation 834/2007, of the USA National Organic Program (NOP), the Indian National Program for Organic Production (NPOP) or the Japanese Agricultural Standard (JAS).
Cotton covers 2.5% of the world’s cultivated land yet uses 16% of the world’s insecticides, more than any other single major crop. It can take almost a 1/3 pound of synthetic fertilizers to grow one pound of raw cotton in the US, and it takes just under one pound of raw cotton to make one t-shirt. – Environmental Justice Foundation
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Textile Exchange Farm & Fiber Report 2012
World’s first global organic cotton campaign launches at Hong Kong textiles conference
Organic trade organizations focus on the organic business. Their mission is to promote ethical consumerism, promoting and protecting the growth of organic trade to benefit the environment, farmers, the public and the economy.
“Organic labelling offers consumers confidence that their goods are produced under controlled organic standards.” — European Commission
Organic refers to the way agricultural products are grown and processed. It includes a system of production, processing, distribution and sales that assures consumers that the products maintain the organic integrity that begins on the farm.
Organic clothing is clothing made from materials raised or grown in compliance with organic agricultural standards. Organic clothing uses cotton, jute, silk, ramie, or wool. Retailers charge more for organic clothing because the material used are free from chemicals or genetically modified seeds. Alternative terms are organic fashion, organic cloths.